Under the umbrella of contemporary Paganism, Wicca – which is also known as The Craft or The Old Religion – is a diverse religion which stems from basic beliefs such as respecting the Divinity in Nature, Celebrating the Goddess, and holding sacred the changing of the seasons, or what some folks call, the Wheel of the Year.
Most Wiccans revolve our worship around the cycles of the Moon and the Sun. We gather during the full and new moons, as well as on the eight Sabbats which comprise the Wheel of the Year (see below).
Wiccans honor the elements of nature: Air, Fire, Water, Earth, and Spirit and its corresponding directions, East, South, West, North, and Center.
The Divine is seen as everywhere and in everything. Everything in Nature has a Divine Spirit. The Divine may be honored in a variety of female, male, and non-binary deity forms. – Goddesses and Gods are aspects of the Divine Unity.
Transformation of nature, the veil between the worlds is thinnest, connecting with Ancestors, Crone wisdom; third harvest
The shortest day of the year (least hours of sunlight), Holly King born; sacred quiet inward journeys, preparing for the long night, personal insight
Ground (earth) is pure, preparing for fertility, animal divination; planting, awakening senses
Fertile land, seeds are sown, rituals of balance, new life begins
Flowers and plants in full bloom; the Wild Hunt begins; May Queen is crowned; fairy day, boundaries between worlds are thin
Longest day of the year (most hours of daylight), Oak King born, Sun celebration
Also known as Lammas, the first harvest, gathering, begin reaping what we have sown, Goddess takes on the aspects of the Harvest Mother
The second harvest, sacrifice vegetation by planting/storing; sacred cooking, hearth and home rituals
Adler, Margot: Drawing Down the Moon
Buckland, Raymond: Complete Book of Witchcraft
Cunningham, Scott: Wicca - A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner
Curott, Phyllis: Witch Crafting
Farrar, Janet & Stewart: The Witches' Bible
Gardner, Gerald: Witchcraft Today
Starhawk: The Spiral Dance
Starhawk: Circle Round: Raising Children in Goddess Traditions
Stone, Merlin: When God Was a Woman
Valiente, Doreen: Witchcraft for Tomorrow
Valiente, Doreen: Natural Magic
Most books by the above authors on the subject of Wicca and Paganism (whether listed here or not) are excellent. This is by no means an exhaustive list. There are thousands of books on the subject, and many excellent ones are not listed here. You will find the ones that speak to you.
"AN IT HARM NONE, DO WHAT YE WILL."
"The Wiccan Rede", a Witches' code of ethics, is a poem that is the embodiment of what many Wiccans use as a rule and guide in their faith and practice. You can read the original full poem by Doreen Valiente HERE.